HBO PPT Essay

Porter-Lawler's

Expanded

Expectancy Theory

Expectancy Theory

 Developed in 1964 by Victor Vroom of Yale

School of Management, a social pyschologist.

 Individuals are motivated to work whenever they

expect they will achieve get hold of things they will

want from their job.

Expectations Theory

 Characterizes persons as rational, logical and

cognitive beings, who think about what they

must do to be rewarded and how very much it

ways to them just before perming all their job.

Expectations Theory

 Specifies that motivation is definitely the result of several types

of individuals beliefs/cognition; expectations,

instrumentality, valence.

 Says that motivation is a multiplicative function

of most three components.

Expectancy Theory

Example:

" An employee working a flawed piece of

gear may have a very low expectations that

his / her efforts is going to lead to substantial levels of

overall performance, and hence probably would not

continue to apply much effort. "

Expanded Expectancy Theory

 An auto dvd unit theory

manufactured by:

Michael Assurer

- Mentor in Harvard

- Praised for his articles

including Competitive

Strategy Competitive

Advantage and On

Competition.

-- Most mentioned author in

business and economics.

Widened Expectancy Theory

Edward Lawler

- Teacher of Organization at the

University or college of The southern part of

California,

Marshall School of Business.

-- Honored like a major factor

to theory, research, and practice

inside the fields of human resources

management, organizational

advancement, and company

effectiveness.

Extended Expectancy Theory

 Porter-Lawler used Victor Vroom's expectancy

theory as a foundation to produce this model.

 Both theories concluded that a motivation to

complete a activity is impacted by the praise

expected to end up being received.

 Introduced added aspects for the theory.

 Rewards will be categorized as Intrinsic and

Extrinsic.

Widened Expectancy Theory

 It states that job performance is a

multiple combination of talents and expertise, effort

and role awareness.

A) Skills and abilities refers to physical and

psychological characteristics:

-- finger dexterity

- mental ability

- skills via experience or perhaps training

Broadened Expectancy Theory

 Part perceptions refer to the clarity of the task

description and to whether people utilize

their effort effectively to the task.

A)

Individuals who have Clear position perceptions

apply their attempts where they count and perform

appropriate behaviors.

B)

Those who have incorrect role perceptions tend

to invest time in unproductive efforts that do

not contirbute to powerful job functionality.

  

Expanded Expectancy Theory

Expectancy

A key component

ity

Valence

Extrinsic

Effort

Performance

Fulfillment

Outcome

Innate

Abilities,

Role

Clarity,

and Org.

support.

Job design,

Org.

policies

and

techniques.

Perceived

Fairness of

Outcomes/

Rewards.

Expanded Expectancy Theory

Relevance of Porter and Lowler Model

 A far more complete theory because it challenges:

A) Intrinsic and Extrinsic Rewards

B) Task requirements and capability

C) Identified fairness of rewards

Expanded Expectancy Theory

Application

Can help managers understand how

individuals make decisions regarding

various behavioral alternatives.

These elements interact with each other to create a

mindset force for an employee to work

toward pleasure and avoid pain.

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