Essay about Imperialism, Units, and Conflict

AP Western european History

Section 25: imperialism, Alliances, and War

Chapter Overview:

Following 1870, Europe exercised unparalleled influence and control over the people all over the world. European prominence brought all of the globe into a single community economy. The newest global economic system increased violence and generated intense nationalism. Section One particular: Expansion of European Electrical power and the New Imperialism Section Overview

Explosive developments in nineteenth-century science, technology, industry, agriculture, vehicles, communication, and military weaponry. Europeans used these advancements to impose their will certainly upon others as they regarded as their civilization and life-style to be better than all others. Although the early nineteenth century was generally aggressive toward colonization, in the last decade of the hundred years European states swiftly propagate their control of perhaps 10 million sq miles and about 150 million people, The newest Imperialism

Imperialism (definition): the policy of extending a nation's expert by comarcal acquisition or perhaps by building economic and political hegemony over additional nations. ” Characteristics with the " new imperialism”

Euro nations " invested” capital in less industrialized countries to develop souterrain and agriculture, to build railroads, bridges, provides hiding for, and telegraph systems and employ a large number of natives in the act. To protect their particular investments, Western states wither loaned the area governments money or intimidated them with push in order to create a favorable harmony of operate. Sometimes direct rule or annexation took place

In some areas, European powers created " spheres of influence” in which they received special commercial and legal privileges without direct politics involvement. Motives for the modern Imperialism

Financial motivations

Lenin on imperialism

Competition in a capitalist economic system inevitably gets rid of inefficient capitalists and therefore brings about monopoly Capitalists run out of profitable areas in their countries' and convince their government authorities to gain groupe in " less developed” countries. The case of Britain proves Lenin's theory wrong

Great britain made bulkier investments in foreign countries before 1875 than during the next twenty years it declined. European real powers did not rely seriously on their groupe for recycleables. noneconomic inspirations

Social Darwinism and Imperialism

Some asserted that advanced European countries had a responsibility to bring the advantages of their bigger culture and superior world to even more backward people. Religious organizations insisted that their governments support their very own missionary work. Colonies would attract a ecu country's surplus population. The Scramble for Africa (late 1870s to about 1900)

Motivation and control of Africa

Motivated by simply intense financial and politics competition, that they rationalized all their expansionary guidelines on both equally religious and cultural environment. European control forcefully joined Africa into the global economy. For centuries, Euro slave-trading bases had dotted the African coastline, yet few Europeans had permeated the interior when the Our elected representatives of Vienna ended the Atlantic slave trade—and Africa was no longer a source of slave labor—Europeans began to check out the interior intended for raw materials. Off white, rubber, mineral deposits, and, notably, diamonds and gold for the West English, French, Belgians, Germans, Italians, and Portuguese sought to maximize their use of resources. Bremen Conference

German born chancellor Otto von Bismarck called for an appointment in Munich in 1884-1885 to map out European-controlled The african continent. Forms of Western european control in Africa

Diplomacy, superior power, direct, and indirect control was worked out over Africa by European powers. Approval for charge of Africa

Europeans were taking civilization to " savage” and " backward” residents. North The african continent

Since Ottoman rule continue to existed in North Africa, European forces secured all their interests generally in 2 different ways Economic penetration through...

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